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Solar Energy :
A Reality for all
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DR. KARL interview video
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DR. JORG MULLER interview
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328/Twh
by 2017
953/Twh
by 2025
27%
of global electricity
by 2050
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STRONG
Wind

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Heavy
Snow

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Salt
Stress

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Hot
and Dry

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Desert
and Sand

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High Temperature
and humidity

Unlimited, free and eco-friendly
solar energy
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Today, global warming has become a reality for everyone as it is making significant and harmful impact to our communities, our health and our climate. However, the world has come to realize that practical solutions can be found in eco-friendly energy sources that could dramatically reduce the pace of global warming. We can secure renewable energy sources to secure the future of mankind. Using unlimited sunlight as the main source of energy, we can generate clean electricity without negatively impacting the environment and ourselves.
THE GROWTH IN
POPULARITY
of solar energy

Current growth in the popularity of solar energy testifies to this shifting paradigm in energy innovation. According to the International Energy Association (IEA), global demand for solar energy is likely to reach 953/Twh by 2025 achieving an annual growth rate of 14.3% from the 328/Twh required in 2017. IEA also projected that solar energy could contribute 27 percent of global electricity by 2050. And due to recent technological advances, decreasing LCOE has contributed to a surge in solar energy adoption.

Leading Energy Paradigm Shift
Hanwha has been a driver of technical advancements in line with energy innovation across the globe. Recognizing company the potential of solar energy as a renewable source, the company has dedicated itself to the development of crystalline photovoltaics technology.
Global R&D
Network

The current challenge facing the solar energy industry is delivering high performance and reliability in various real life conditions at the lowest possible cost. Approximately 400 scientists at Hanwha Q CELLS' 4 global R&D centers in Germany, Korea, China, and Malaysia are persistently examining ways to overcome this barrier and provide ever better solutions. As a result of decades-long research and development for greater technological innovation and energy efficiency, the proprietary Q.ANTUM technology debuted in 2011 setting new standards in the solar energy industry.

R&D Network
4
countries
R&D Network
400
SCIENTISTS
2017

·Sets new record for producing a total of 5 GW
Q.ANTUM monocrystalline/ polycrystalline solar cells

2015

·Sets the world record for the highest polycrystalline module efficiency

2011

·Q.ANTUM sets the world record for polycrystalline solar cell efficiency

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Generates more
electricity

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Q.ANTUM
Solar Cell
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Standard
Solar Cell
“Don't just buy PERC, buy Q.ANTUM”

The Q.ANTUM technology developed by Hanwha Q CELLS is based on Passivated Emitter Rear Cell (PERC) technology. PERC allows for the passivation of the solar cell´s rear side, which involves installing a reflective layer, designed to capture previously unused sunlight back into the cell where it can be converted into solar electricity.

Advanced Module
Performance
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Enhanced
UV response

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UV transmitting
and blocking EVA

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Optimized
glass

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Enhanced UV Response
The combination of Slim Emitter and highly transparent module materials improve energy conversion from UV light improve module performance.
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UV transmitting and blocking EVA
Highly transparent EVA + Glass in front of the cells, and UV blocking EVA behind the cells increase the light reaching the cells and avoid UV light reaching the back sheet ensuring long operational lifetime.
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Optimized Glass
Ultra clear, low reflection glass improves transmission through lower impurities.
Hanwha Q CELLS low reflection means more light reaching the cells from high incident angles, like sunrise & sunset, further improving energy yields.
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EVOLVING FROM PERC TO Q.ANTUM:
YIELD SECURITY
PERC technology provides high-performance capabilities for solar cells and modules, but there are several potential hazards that can diminish its effectiveness. In order to protect products from degradation, safety risks and management problems, Hanwha Q CELLS developed yield security technologies including Anti-PID, Anti-LID, Hot-Spot Protect and TRA.Q™.
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Anti-PID

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Anti-LID

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Hot-Spot Protect

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TRA.Q™

ANTI-PID
In the worst case scenario, Potential Induced Degradation can reduce module performance by over 80%. Through understanding and research of the PID effect, since 2012, all Hanwha Q CELLS products come with Anti PID Technology – not a single PID fail in the field. Anti-PID technology prevents potential induced degradation (PID) which causes leakage currents and optimizes cells to generate reliable energy to eliminate PID-related performance loss.
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ANTI-LID
light induced degradation
Hanwha Q CELLS' Anti-LID technology protects its products by permanently deactivation
Boron-Oxygen complexes that may cause a power drop by 10%.
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Anti-PID Technology
Understanding the mechanism of PID, Hanwha Q CELLS has taken such degradation effects seriously and conducted APT tests under extreme conditions at the production level.
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Performance comparison:
Standard product vs. Q.ANTUM with ANTI-LID
Q.ANTUM Anti-LID description

305

299

More than 6% higher power with Q.ANTUM ULTRA

305W Labelled Power

2% Initial Degradation

Guaranteed Initial Power

Standard product Anti-LID description
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HOT-SPOT PROTECT
Hot-Spot Protect technology identifies ‘Hot-Spots’ which can catch fire, removes affected cells and reprocesses them. Hanwha Q CELLS is probably the only solar manufacturer that can identify hot-spots.
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TRA.Q™
TRA.Q™ leaves laser markings on each solar cell to distinguish Hanwha Q CELLS’ products from others and to be able detect forgery and error analysis to ensure the quality of Hanwha solar cells.
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Actual Hot-Spot Classification vs.
Shunt Classification Without IR Camera
In order to detect Hot-Spots, Hanwha Q CELLS uses an infrared (IR) camera while reverse current flows throughout all cells at the final inspection stages. The apparatus locates cells with heat spots and these cells are later sorted out for recycling.
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Before TRA.Q™ vs. After TRA.Q™
The Tra.Q™ enables insights from big data analyses to improve quality and performance. The code contains information about the place and date of production. This makes it possible to trace certain production conditions for each solar cell.
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LEVEL OF POWER
GENERATION:
STANDARD vs. Q.ANTUM
The proprietary Q.ANTUM technology boasts the remarkable performance and efficiency of solar cells and modules to greatly increase power generation.
Module Efficiency
19.5%
Standard Sized Solar Module
301Watts
Certified Efficiency
Founded on technical initiatives, Hanwha Q CELLS stood proudly as its Q.ANTUM-based polycrystalline product set a world-record by achieving 19.5% module efficiency and 301 Watts from a standard sized solar module in 2016. This record was officially certified by the Fraunhofer Insttitue for Solar Energy(ISE), a certified solar laboratory belonging to one of the most renowned scientific societies in Germany.

Question 1:

Tell us about Hanwha Q CELLS´ technology leadership in solar industry

Question 2:

What differentiates the Q.ANTUM technology from PERC based solar modules?

Question 3:

How is Hanwha Q CELLS dealing with the degradation effects in Q.ANTUM technology?

Technology leadership has many aspects. So we at Hanwha Q CELLS developed, since many years, to increase our cell efficiency, to reduce the cost, and to ensure highest reliability.

And at the core of our development is our Q.ANTUM technology, which is a PERC based technology but with many additional aspects.

And with the Q.ANTUM technology we received several world record efficiencies in the past.

And we introduced this Q.ANTUM technology already in 2012 into mass production and just a few days ago, more than 5 GW of Q.ANTUM technology was produced.

So that means more than one billion cells of Q.ANTUM were produced.

Therefore, I would clearly say that Hanwha Q CELLS is one of the global leading companies in PERC cell technology.

As I said, we at Hanwha Q CELLS spend lots of efforts to ensure high quality and high energy of our Q.ANTUM products.

So that is not only that we find measures to control LID, LeTID,

but we have additional quality features like hot spot protection, anti-PID technology,

and we have additional internal high quality features to ensure highest reliability.

And that is also reflected in that we have more than six years field experience

and based on that field experience we see that our Q.ANTUM technology delivers the highest power output.

Therefore, on all, I would say, that our Q.ANTUM technology is the best product we got in power, price, and reliability.

As I said, Hanwha Q CELLS spent more than ten years to develop Q.ANTUM technology.

And from the beginning, we spent lots of effort to understand the degradation effect, but not only to understand the root cause of the degradation

but also to find solutions to control and suppress this degradation effect under field conditions.

So currently, all our Q.ANTUM cells are special treated to ensure that they deliver the high power during their lifetime.

And this is reflected in the industry-leading performance warranty of our product.

We are sure Q.ANTUM technology delivers high power output during more than 25 years.

Q.ANTUM is designed to:
  • ·improve cell efficiency
  • ·reduce the cost
  • ·ensure reliability
More than 1 billion (5 GW) Q.ANTUM cells produced since 2012
Hanwha Q CELLS’ quality enhancing technologies:
  • ·Anti-LID,
  • ·Anti-LeTID,
  • ·Hot-Spot Protection,
  • ·Anti-PID
Q.ANTUM technology delivers the highest power output
Hanwha Q CELLS has been developing solutions to control on-field degradation.
Q.ANTUM cells deliver industry-leading performance and more than 25-years of durability
00:00
Interview
Dr. Jörg Müller
Vice President of R&D Cells at Hanwha Q CELLS
Dr. Jörg Müller, Vice President of R&D Cells at Hanwha Q CELLS, backs Q.ANTUM’s unrivalled quality and innovative technology and says: “Don’t just buy PERC. Buy Q.ANTUM”.
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UNCOMPROMISING
QUALITY ASSURANCE

Hanwha has four ways with which it ensures uncompromising quality and can guarantee that every one of its solar modules will maintain high performance and reliability even under harsh conditions. Hanwha has applied its methodology by leveraging its decade of experience and its wealth of data to develop algorithms and qualitative analysis to perfect its Q.ANTUM technology. Hanwha applies 4 quality control measures to ensure performance and quality: yield security assessments, examinations by global certification institutions, VDE Quality tests, and Hanwha’s own Q-Tests.

The products certified by the Q-Test are put through rigorous testing in extreme conditions such as blizzards, hail showers, high-temperatures and humidity. As a result, these products exhibit capabilities that are double or even triple of those that meet standard requirements of IEC and VDE.

Question 1:

PERC technology offers the highest power classes and yields in crystalline solar technology. Explain how this technology works.

Question 2:

How has Hanwha Q CELLS been developing and maturing the PERC technology and where would it stand today?

Question 3:

PERC modules reportedly had degradation effects as they drew attention from the media. Tell us about such degradation effects.

Question 4:

Up to date, how well are these degradation effects being controlled in PV industry?

Yes. PERC is the passivated emitter and rear cell.

There are two changes compared to the simple standard cell.

One change is you have a better electrical passivation on the rear side, and the other one is that you have a dielectric layer on the back side which reflects light back into the cell.

Because of both effects, you have a higher efficiency of the cell and in the module you have a higher power class.

So from this point of view this is the technique of the future and, of course, it sounds simple but a lot of work is needed to make this technology work.

So from Fraunhofer side, we also support this technology and we also offer support for the industry to make this technology work.

Hanwha Q CELLS is one of the first movers into this technology.

They started early to develop the technology and they were also early to bring this technology into production.

So, based on these efforts, Hanwha Q CELLS has the Q.ANTUM cell, which has all the benefits of PERC and represents a mature development status so that Hanwha Q CELLS, based on Q.ANTUM, can offer high power classes.

It’s true there is a degradation under certain conditions and this degradation is light-induced degradation, LID.

Light-induced degradation has been known for a long time and there are many people working on it.

02:13 Also we, at Fraunhofer, deliver solutions for light-induced degradation and we deliver tools to characterize light-induced degradation.

Now, when the PERC cell was developed, there was a new phenomenon of LID, and this is the so called LeTID.

This is at enhanced temperature, and enhanced temperature means at higher temperatures and light you may see a degradation which may go in the range of even 10 percent.

So it significantly reduces power of the cells.

And in order to successfully manufacture PERC cell, this problem has to be solved.

Hanwha Q CELLS was, to my knowledge, among the first, or the first company, even, who published that they have a solution for this kind of effect.

Many companies claim that they have no degradation effects on their products. However, as a customer, I would do my own tests.

And I also would ask the companies, if they thoroughly understand degradation effect and if they have taken countermeasures in their production.

So I’m convinced that, to be successful, PERC technology needs to come without any degradation effects,

and for me it would be essential to verify this and to be sure that the company masters this technology.

PERC = passivation of the solar cells rear side
Strengths of PERC:
  • ·Enhanced rear-side electrical passivation
  • ·Dielectric layer reflecting light back into the cell
Both effects result in improved light capturing capacity and energy conversion.
Hanwha Q CELLS, one of the first movers for realizing the PERC technology
Q.ANTUM technology based on PERC offers higher power class.
Hanwha Q CELLS, the first to develop the Anti-LeTID solution.
Eliminating the degradation effects is the key to technical success.
00:00
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Interview
Dr. Karl Heinz KÜSTERS
at Fraunhofer CSP
Energy industry experts commend Hanwha’s technical ability.
Dr. Karl Heinz Küsters, a renowned industry expert and leader of the Fraunhofer CSP institute in
Germany, predictss that Hanwha will contribute significantly to the future commercialization of solar energy by continuing to lead in PERC technology development
'ENGINEERED IN GERMANY' EARNS
GLOBAL RECOGNITION
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2017 Intersolar Award

Hanwha Q CELLS has won the 2017 Intersolar Award in the Photovoltaics category.
Hanwha Q CELLS' Q.PEAK RSF L-G4.2 solar module was selected as the most innovative out of ten shortlisted entries and out of 51 applications in total.

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PV Magazine Award

The Q.PEAK RSF L-G4.2 was awarded the PV magazine award in the top innovation category. The magazine´s judging panel honored Q.PEAK RSF L-G4.2 for its reinforced steel-frame concept and many additional innovations such as a decentralized junction box and an easy to install new mounting system.

Hanwha Q CELLS' proprietary Q.ANTUM technology and the reinforced steel frame design combine numerous advantages for higher yields and an improved system performance to deliver lower installation cost and lower LCOE.
These advantages and LCOE make Hanwha’s solar module the ideal choice for utility scale applications.

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EuPD Research
Top Brand 2017

In 2017 Hanwha Q CELLS was awarded the Top Brand PV Seal for its modules by EuPD Research (owned by Hoehner Research & Consulting Group) for the markets across Germany, France, Italy, Great Britain, and Australia. This win marks 4 consecutive times Hanwha Q CELLS has won the award in Europe and 2 times in a row in Australia.

EuPD analyzes how companies positively differentiate their products and services. It considers how the company’s offerings compare to other options on the market in terms of market penetration, and brand awareness.

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Solar Industry Awards 2015
The polycrystalline solar module Q.PLUS-G4 has power classes up to 280Wp. It has been ranked as the No. 1 module manufacturing innovation by 70,000 voters. Each voter is a representative of the solar industry and has participated in a two-month online voting process. The winning module was chosen by the award's panel of judges recognizing and praising Q CELLS' Q.ANTUM TECHNOLOGY. The Solar Industry Awards are given across 13 categories.
REWRITING history of solar energy
With the World's largest solar cell production capacity
By acquiring the proprietary PV solution, Hanwha Q CELLS has been able to mass produce high quality products. Subsequently, it has become the world’s largest producer of in-house solar cells and has a power generation capacity of 6.8 GW. In 2017, Hanwha Q CELLS has achieved a new milestone by producing one billion Q.ANTUM solar cells.
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PROVIDING ENERGY SOLUTIONS TO GLOBAL MARKET
Hanwha provides highly efficient energy solutions to 50 countries around the world. Hanwha has also bolstered its position in the global market by signing a record scale modules supply contract from across the globe.
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solar energy for all
Solar energy has now become a reality for everyone. Just as the sun serves as a source of energy and enables life in nature, Hanwha’s technological leadership enables solar power to become a more accessible source of energy. Hanwha is committed to developing a reliable energy solution that is both more energy efficient and suitable for mass consumption. “Hanwha’s technology leadership has many distinct facets, and its core is built around the company’s determination to abridge seemingly distant values closer to our world.”
– Dr. Jörg Müller, head of cell development at Hanwha Q CELLS.
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